“The Rabbet Joint”
Maintaining a theme of simplicity this week we’re going to dive into a joint that all Langstroth hives use for a frame rest. You can also use this joint to assemble your hive bodies. It gives you more glue surface than a butt joint and some slight mechanical advantage.
I have a tool specifically for cutting these joints, however a table saw, router, router table, or hammer and chisel will all get the job done. What I have is a beautiful wooden moving fillister plane. Its 2″ wide with a skewed iron making a cross grain rabbet doable.
I found this one on eBay, I think I paid less than $30.00 after shipping. I consider this plane to be one of my most prized tools. I’m guessing the fences were installed by a user down the line and they weren’t original to the plane. I think you can buy a new Stanley (I can’t remember what number) rabbet plane for around $60.00. This would be well worth it if you intend to build a bunch of hives this way.
The way you would join the hive together is resting a full side board into the rabbet. You would also glue with nails in both directions. I don’t have any finished examples of this but I will use one of my frame rests to demonstrate how the two boards would join together.
If you picture the rabbet going all the way to the top of the board then glue and nail or screw in both directions. You will have a good solid joint.